Kape is a small, smooth tree reaching
a height of 3 to 5 meters. Leaves are elliptic-ovate to elliptic-oblong,
8 to 15 centimeters long, shining, and pointed on both ends. The flowers are
white, borne in fascicles in the axils of leaves. Corolla is 1.5 centimeters. Fruit is red, ovoid
or ellipsoid, 1 to 1.4 centimeters long.
Besides Coffea arabica, other species have been introduced in the Philippines: C. robusta, C. excelsa, C. liberica, C. canephora and C. ugandae.
- Widely scattered in distribution.
- Introduced by the Spaniards.
• The alkaloids
of coffea arabica are caffeine, adenine, xanthine, hypoxanthine, guanosine
• Leaves contain an alkaloid, caffeine, 1.15 to 1.25 percent.
• The pericarp of the fruit contains caffeine, mallic acid, mannite,
invert sugar and saccharose.
• The seeds contain caffeine 0.72 to 2.43%, gallic acid, citric acid, proteids, sugar, legumin,
glucose, dextrine, coffeo-tannic acid, fat, and volatile oil (caffeol).
• Caffeine is medically known as trimethyl xanthine, C8H10N4O2.
- Respiratory, gastric and
renal stimulant; diuretic, antilithic, digestive, peristaltic, febrifuge.
- Increases reflex action and mental activity. More stimulating than
- Roasted coffee believed to have disinfectant and deodorant properties.
- A strong infusion of coffee is antisoporific.
Parts used and preparation
Seeds and leaves.
Roasted coffee considered in Indian medicine as disinfectant and deodorant.
• Infusion or decoction
of roasted coffee leaves as a stimulant. Some prefer the leaf to the
An important alkaloid used as a stimulant for the nervous system and
• In traditional Indian medicine,
coffee is a palliative in spasmodic asthma, whooping cough, delirium
• Used in the early stages of typhoid fever.
• Roasted coffee used for disinfectant and deodorant properties.
• Strong infusion of black coffee used as antisoporific in cases of poisoning by opium, alcohol, and other stupefying or narcotic poisons.
• Used as vehicle for administration of quinine and sulfate of magnesia, concealing the bitter and nauseous tastes of the medicines.
• Used as a tonic to offset the effects of malaria.
• Used as a diuretic in dropsy.
• In the raw state, berries are used for hemicrania and intermittent fevers.
reflux: Coffee promotes gastroesophageal reflux, stimulating gastrin
release and gastric acid secretion and slow gastric emptying. The effects
on esophageal sphincter effects. (2) In some, it increased rectosigmoid
motor activity within 4 minutes of ingestion.
• Nervous system effects: Caffeinated
beverages acutely stimulated the autonomic nervous system, affecting
alertness, heart rate and energy arousal.
• Antioxidant: Extract shown to have antioxidant activity attributed to chlorogenic acid.
• Dental Caries / Anticariogenic: Streptococcus mutans has been implicated as the primary causative agent of dental caries in humans. The organisms also produces an adherent glucan that contributes to the formation of dental plaque. Roasted coffee extract possesses a wide range of antibacterial activity that includes S aureus and Strep mutans. The study suggests coffee has an anticariogenic action but no antiadhesive action.
• Lectins: Study showed potent lectin activity in the fruit extract.
• Cafestol / Hypercholesterolemic: A diterpene molecule in coffee, said to be the most potent cholesterol-elevating compound in the human diet. A typical bean of Coffea arabica contains 0.6% cafestol by weight, and is highest in unfiltered coffee drinks. Regular consumption of boiled coffee increases serum cholesterol by 8% in men and 10% in women. In drip brewed coffee, it is present in only negligible amount. Study suggests that cafestol can directly regulate expression of genes involved in cholesterol metabolism through activation of nuclear receptors FXR and PXR. Cafestol is also an intestine-specific activator of PXR and direct regulation of FXR and PXR genes in the intestines contribute to its choleraterol-raising effect in humans.
See: Caffeine / Studies reporting on the benefits of caffeine / InformationXchange
Tinctures and seeds in the cybermarket.